Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) CenterUploader: Zulkiktilar 1 years ago Subscribe 3
In Plato, eros is a spiritual energy initially, which then "falls" downward; whereas in Freud eros is a physical energy which is "sublimated" upward. Occasionally, the loved one was depicted as an unwitting ensnarer of the lover, because of her sublime beauty—a "divine curse" which inspires men to kidnap her or try to rape her. Cornford finds the standpoints of Plato and of Freud to be "diametrically opposed" with regard to eros. He also mentions the philosopher Schopenhauer as an influence. Eros refers to "passionate love" or romantic love; storge to familial love; philia to friendship as a kind of love; and agape refers to "selfless love", or " charity " as it is translated in the Christian scriptures from the Latin caritas , dearness.